Tuesday, 19 September 2017

Symptoms of Bad or Failing Piston Rings and Valve Seals

This discussion is about the symptoms of bad valve seals and piston rings as well as their basic functions. Valve seals and piston rings are crucial for the functionality of your engine. If you can recognize the signs of when these components have problems, then you can replace them right away before serious damage is done to your engine.



Functions of Piston Rings

The piston is located inside of a car’s engine. The piston ring comes in the form of a split type ring and you install it outside of the piston’s diameter. The piston ring’s main purpose is to assist in sealing the combustion chamber, manage the oil consumption of the engine, and to assist in transferring heat to the engine from the piston. It is important to note that the piston ring will eventually get worn out, which means you’ll have to replace it. You should go to a professional mechanic to have this replacement job done.

Functions of Valve Seals

After air and fuel are mixed together, valves are there to manage how much of the mixture flows through the cylinders before the combustion process takes place. Valves usually have sleeves on them which prevent the combustion gasses from seeping out of them. The tops of the valves also have seals on them which prevent oil from getting pulled down into the engine area. These seals are commonly constructed out of a super strength rubber material and they’re placed into a small collar of the valve stem’s top area. Once these valve seals start to get worn out, you’ll notice some major symptoms that are unique to this problem.

The Symptoms of Bad Valve Seals and Piston Rings
The symptoms of bad valve seals and bad piston rings are quite similar. Any time either one of them fails, the performance of the vehicle will be reduced along with other bad symptoms that are noticeable. Let’s take a look at some warning signs which might indicate that you have bad valve seals or piston rings.

Exhaust Smoke – If you notice thick smoke that’s a gray or white color, this indicates that your car is burning oil. The only way this could happen is if the oil is leaking into the combustion chamber of your engine.

Too Much Oil Being Consumed – If the piston rings are worn out and the valve seal is broken, this will be what allows oil to flow into the combustion chamber.

Not Enough Accelerating Power – When there is damage to the piston rings and valve seals, the compression will be reduced which causes you to lose power in your engine. As a result, you won’t be able to accelerate when you put your foot on the gas pedal.

Although bad valve seals and piston rings have similar symptoms, the time and costs of repairing them are quite different. That is why you should educate yourself about where the problem is coming from, whether it’s the valve seals or piston rings. Once you find out, you can save time and money from having a mechanic figure it out for you.

To investigate where the problem is coming from, there are a few tips you can follow which will help you out with this. You can open the spark plug, fill up the cylinder with some oil, do a compression test, remove the EFI fuse and crank the engine, and then see the result of the compression gauge. If the result of the compression test appears to be good or at least average, then the piston rings are likely the problem. However, if the results of the compression test are low or under average, then the valve seals are the problem.

Thursday, 14 September 2017

5 Symptoms of a Bad Wheel Alignment in Your Car

Wheel alignments on a vehicle will greatly improve its performance. You probably won’t notice the difference much during your regular course of driving. However, if you must make a fast turn or dodge something quickly that’s on the road, a wheel alignment could be the very thing that saves your life.


Don’t worry because there are noticeable symptoms with the vehicle that will signal when it’s time to get your wheels aligned.

Symptoms of a Bad Alignment
The following are the symptoms which will indicate that it is time to have your wheels realigned because the current alignment is bad.

1) Car Goes Over to One Side

If you’re ever driving on a road that stretches straight out into the distance and there is very little traffic around, take your hands off the steering wheel and let the car guide itself on the road. If you notice the car swerving toward one particular side, place your fingers back on the steering wheel and lightly maintain control of the steering so you stay on the road.

Now try the test again by taking your hands off the wheel. If the car still veers toward the side, then the wheels clearly need to be realigned. The more the car is pulling toward that side, the more you need to get the alignment done. If you continue to let it go as-is, you will find that it is harder to keep the car straight with the steering wheel and that you’ll easily cross over into lanes on the road if you don’t maintain a firm grip on the wheel at all times.

If this is the case, take your car to the auto mechanic and have the alignment done pronto.

2) Steering Wheel Balance

Whenever you’re driving down a road that is completely flat and straight, the steering wheel of your vehicle should remain straight and perfectly centered. An easy way to notice this is to just look at the emblem which lies in the center of your steering wheel. If the emblem stays at the same level as you, then it is centered. But if the emblem is over a couple of degrees off level in any direction, then it means you need a wheel alignment right away. Once you get it done, the steering wheel will go back to stay centered. Furthermore, you will notice it is easier to drive your vehicle after that.

3) Sloppy Steering

Does your steering wheel feel like it moves kind of sloppily? Often times, when there’s an alignment problem, the steering wheel may feel too loose as you’re holding it. Either that or you will turn the wheel and the vehicle will not move in that direction right away. There will be a lag in the response time. Now, this doesn’t always indicate an alignment problem, but there is a chance it could be one. Regardless of the cause, you should always have your vehicle checked out by a mechanic if you experience this symptom.

4) Steering Wheel Vibrates

If you’re driving and your steering wheel is constantly vibrating, the cause is likely due to an alignment problem and a balancing problem. Sometimes if you drive over a pothole or something big on the road, it will cause your wheels to become misaligned. However, vibration from a steering wheel could also indicate a much bigger problem too. Either way, get your vehicle checked out by a professional.

5) Tire Wear Not Even

If you notice that the treads on certain tires of your car are wearing out faster than others, you likely have bad wheel alignment on your car. To test this, measure the rubber depth on both sides of each tire and see if they all match or not. Wheels that are properly aligned will all have the same rubber depth on the tires. Wheels that are not aligned properly will have different rubber depths.

Tuesday, 12 September 2017

How to Clean Car Air Conditioner Filter and How Not to Do It

The air conditioner filter are one of the parts on the category of the filter which are mostly overlooked and are neglected because of their more popular and under the attention cousins like the fuel filter and air filter (which supply clean for the air-fuel mixture to the engine). However, if the air conditioner filter are no maintained and are not cared for, they can make your driving experience extremely unpleasant.


A dirty air conditioner filter will not only hinder the air conditioning systems of your car, it will also become a breeding ground for different germs and bacteria which will release unpleasant odors making your car smell like something similar to musk. The air conditioner filter may not be included in the key components of a vehicle but its importance is still that of one.

Reading this may have induced the thoughts of cleaning the air conditioner filter in your mind and it is a fairly simple job but if you do not know how to do it properly, then you can end up with an expense of buying a new air conditioner filter by damaging it during the cleaning process. Here, you will be educated on how to clean air conditioner filter of your car and what to avoid during its cleaning.

How to Clean Air Conditioner filter

In order to clean the air conditioner filter of your car, you will first need to remove them from your vehicle. The position of the air filter can vary from the company to company and car to car, so be sure to check the manual of your car in order to locate the position of the air conditioner filter. It is usually placed behind the dash board in most of the cars but check the manual of your car in order to find it. Its shape and size may vary depending on the manufacturers, but the general shape of the air conditioner filter is square with slotted bar in it. After locating the air conditioner filter, gently remove it from its holding and place it on the ground or on a work table.

You will need an air compressor or another source of blowing air with some degree of pressure like an electric blower. Gently hold the air filter and blow the air through it. Make sure to blow the air through every slot of the filter so that any dust hiding in any corner of the filter is flushed out. After thoroughly blowing the air through the filter, spray it with odor remover and germ killer spray. They usually come in the same product so buy one of them from the store. After spraying it, gently replace it and turn on the car to test the AC systems.

What Not to Do

During the cleaning process, do not use any cleaning accessories like cleaning brushes or anything like that. The air conditioner filter are one of the delicate parts of the AC system and can be damaged easily. Also avoid using any detergents. Do not wash with water in order to clean it. Washing with water has higher risks of damaging the air conditioner filter and the filter needs to be air dried without any other drying systems which can take a lot of your precious time.

Besides cleaning the filter, also clean the vents of the AC systems of your car with an AC cleaner so that you can get the most out of the air conditioning systems of your car

Tuesday, 5 September 2017

Eight Ways Real Men Take Care Of Their Cars

The holiday is over!

Only the best loved cars are the most excited today while others are waiting on the calendar checking for another long holiday. This means how well you take care of your car, so it responds to you.


Good masters are known from the appearance of their servants. From appearance to quality of work done to agility and instant bounce. Can you ‘categorically’ be called a good master, it does depend on these eight things.


Here are ways to take care of your car like a real adult giving every bit of TLC (tender, love and care);


1. At least once every month, you thoroughly give your car a good clean up


You don’t need to be told to wash your car but giving is a total make over once a month both inside and outside would do you a lots of good.


2. Change your oil regularly and only use reliable oil
If your car doesn't have fresh oil, dirt will build up and eventually kill your engine, which will cost thousands of dollars and your happiness.


So what’s the definition of regular, a school of thought suggest that you change your oil every 5,000 to 7,500 miles. And remember to use quality oil, preferably not dispensed oil you don’t know the brand nor are you sure of. A healthy car gives you less headache so don’t joke with this.


3. Check your tyre pressure monthly
Incorrect tyre pressure can lead to a ton of problems, including poor braking, instability, less gas mileage, and of course, a flat tire, so check your tyre pressure with a gauge. Also, rotate your tyres often to make sure that they wear evenly, making sure you get the most before replacing them.


4. Get your brake pads replaced regularly
Neglecting your brake pads will eventually lead to your brake rotors failing and you don’t want to deal with this. Before you feel this not your portion, the experts’ view is that you get your brake pads replaced every 25,000 miles.


5. Maintain your car's interior to keep its resale value high.
This doesn’t depend on how long you’ve been riding your car but rather on how well you’ve been. A dirty, unkept interior can lead to you losing money when you try to resell your car. There are car cleaning products that reinvigorates the outlook of your car all the time.


6. Change your air filters regularly
Your car isn't going to explode from a dirty air filter, but it's possible that leaving one can cause your engine to fail and damage your combustion chamber.


7. Prevent damage to your car by parking in the shade and using a window shade.
The same way you cannot roast yourself under a scorching sun so should your car be parked to experience the torturing heat? In addition to causing interior damage, UV rays from the sun can melt plastics, crack your dashboard, and cause fading on your paint job. It also isn't the most pleasant thing to sit in a scorching hot car, so for the sake of you and your butt, find some shade.


8. Ask an expert about car trouble when you're not sure yourself.


Every Wednesday is an opportunity for you to ask questions about your car and everything you need to know about automobiles.


Cars are just as complex as they are wonderful, and you shouldn't ever force your way into fixing a problem if you don't know exactly what's wrong. There are different brands of cars and different models, it’s an expert that can help guide you accurately.


If you need the right quality spare parts and accessories for your car, get it on www.autofactorng.com


Thank you for reading.

We hope you have a stress-less week!

Thursday, 31 August 2017

Symptoms of a Bad Fuel in The Car and The Solution

It is possible for water to get into your vehicle’s gas tank when you’re pumping new gas into it at the gas station. The weather outside can also cause condensation to form which puts water in your gas tank as well. Whichever way it happens, when water gets into a vehicle’s gas tank, it needs to be dealt with promptly.

Common Symptoms

The first symptom you will notice is when your vehicle doesn’t perform the same. As you put your foot on the accelerator pedal, the vehicle will hesitate before it moves faster or forward. If you’re on the interstate and try to go fast, the vehicle simply won’t go as fast as you want it to. The car may even sputter and then randomly move at faster speeds than you want it to.
If these symptoms just occur out of nowhere, then your gas tank probably has water in it. The hesitation and sputters is due to the injectors having water slugs go into them. Since water does not burn the same way gasoline does, the piston is not pushing anything upward after the combustion chamber is sprayed with water and causes steam to form. Therefore, when water is sprayed into the chamber, the injector is probably getting a water slug into it. This is what causes the sudden jolt of higher speed.

The Solutions

To fix the problem, all you can do is drain the entire gas tank so you can get rid of the contaminated fuel. After that, you then fill the gas tank with new uncontaminated fuel. Make sure the fuel system is cleaned while you’re doing this too. Sometimes you may have contaminated gas if the suppliers of the gas didn’t mix the fuel additives properly. This will make the additives ineffective at keeping out deposits. Then, the fueling system will have varnish in it.
Alternatively, you may end up contaminating your gas if you don’t have a gas cap over your tank and then it rains outside. Sometimes your gas station may be at fault if its water filter was bad before supplying you with the gas. If not that, then their fueling tanks could have dirt, water, or corrosion contamination or perhaps your own car’s fuel tank does. Filtration systems are not 100% accurate, despite all the filters it has. As a result, residue and contaminants end up in your vehicle and cause damage to it.  If you don’t have a lot of octane in your gasoline, then it is probably from the gas station advertising their standard gas as having lots of octane in it. That way, they can charge more money for it even though they aren’t giving you the octane in your fuel.

It is normal to have a little bit of water in your fuel tank. This little amount won’t cause the symptoms above to occur. But if you do notice these symptoms, then chances are you have a lot of water in your tank and you need to deal with that promptly.

Tuesday, 29 August 2017

5 Symptoms of Exhaust Leak in the Car

The purpose of an exhaust system is to make the emissions of your car less harmful before they are transferred out of the tailpipe. If you have an exhaust system that does not work properly, the toxic gases from the emissions will get inside your vehicle and threaten the lives of everyone in there. 

Since these deadly gases are odorless and invisible, you won’t see them or notice them. You will just inhale the gases while slowly leading to your death. That is why you must learn to recognize the symptoms of a malfunctioning exhaust system and then have it repaired at your local auto servicing shop right away.
Below are three common symptoms of a bad exhaust system:
Noise That Gets Louder
When you start up the engine and hear an increasingly loud noise coming from around the engine, it could be from a leaky exhaust system. Remember that a gasket lies in between the piping of the exhaust manifold and the engine block. This gasket is constantly heated and cooled just like the piping. So, if you don’t see a crack or leak coming from the piping, then check the gasket to see if there’s a flaw there.
Vibrating Gas Pedal
Anytime there is even a tiny leak, the car will vibrate. But if the leak is big, the vibrations will be much bigger as well. You will first begin to notice these vibrations coming from the gas pedal. If you don’t do anything about it, the vibrations will be felt on the steering wheel. Finally, the floorboards will vibrate.
Bad Fuel Efficiency
If you notice that your vehicle requires more gas than usual, then it could be due to a leaky exhaust system. These leaks make it harder for your engine to perform which, in turn, lowers your fuel efficiency.
Tough Acceleration
Place your foot onto the accelerator and pay attention to any noises that don’t seem right. If you hear sounds that seem like leaky exhaust fumes, then you obviously have a problem. However, it is hard for most people to tell the difference between different engine sounds and exhaust sounds. Not only that, but strange engine noises could be due to other kinds of engine problems as well. Only use this technique if you’ve already experienced another symptom and are trying to verify your suspicions.
Unusual Odor
Not all exhaust fumes are odorless, just carbon monoxide. If you have a leaky manifold, you will notice a very strong odor in the air. If the odor persists then it is clearly harmful exhaust that you don’t want to breathe in for very long. Therefore, take your vehicle to your local auto servicing shop immediately and have them verify the problem and then fix it. Don’t take any chances with carbon monoxide because it can be lethal.
In conclusion, the symptoms of a leaky exhaust system are weak fuel efficiency, a gas pedal that vibrates, noises that keep getting louder and exhaust fumes that smell. Don’t wait for all these symptoms to happen together. If just one symptom comes up, that should be enough of a warning sign for you to get your car to the auto shop for repair. Otherwise, you could be damaging your exhaust system more and end up having to pay lots of money to get it fixed or replaced.

Thursday, 24 August 2017

5 Reasons your Steering Wheel Shakes at Low and High Speeds

Cars are supposed to drive even and smooth at all times, especially if you’re on a relatively good road. Chances are however, that you’ve experienced steering wheel vibrations at one point or another, and that’s perfectly normal. 



A lot of components used on road vehicles need replacing, and it’s not uncommon for a certain part to break or fail after a lot of use. The steering wheel is your connection to the car and indirectly, the road, so it’s logical that the first indication of something being broken or out of balance will manifest itself through the steering wheel. Here are the top causes for a steering wheel shakes at low speed or high speed:

1.TIRES

This one makes the most sense. The steering wheel is used to direct the wheels, so it’s only normal for tire problems to come through the wheel. The most obvious culprits here are out-of-balance tires. With this issue you won’t get any shakes at lower speeds, but they will start becoming more and more noticeable the faster you drive. Check the tires for flat spots as this issue usually results in uneven tire wear. If you’re running larger tires, make sure all four tires are properly inflated. A deflated tire can send shakes through the steering wheel too. Lastly, check the tire wear. If you notice that one side is more worn out, rotate the tires to even out the tire wear.

2. WHEEL AREAS

If it’s not the tires, your next go-to part should be the wheels. They are the centerpiece of all tires after all. Start by checking the wheel bearings. Although they should, in theory, last you an entire lifetime, that’s only in theory. In real life, they can wear out sometime, or even get damaged. Replacing them should solve the issue.

Problems with tie rod ends or ball joints are easy to diagnose. If the steering wheel shakes only when cornering and never while driving straight, it’s the tie rod ends. The ball joints produce opposite results when faulty. They will only produce shaking while driving straight, never while cornering.

3. BRAKES 

When it comes to safety, the main priority are the brakes. A broken engine may not allow you to drive the car, but faulty brakes will fail to stop the car, which is way more dangerous. Violent shaking through the steering wheel when braking indicates that the rotors are probably warped or worn out. If skimming the rotor doesn’t work, replace them altogether.

The brake caliper can be responsible for some vibrations too, but it’s usually only present in older cars. In this scenario, the steering wheel will only start vibrating at 50 mph or so, followed by a burning smell. It’s best to stop the car and avoid driving it at this point until you get the issue fixed.

4. AXLE

If your car has been involved in an accident recently and you just started noticing vibrations, start looking at axle issues as it’s very likely that it got bent or damaged. The shakes will increase as the speed rises, but they will be present even at lower speeds. A broken driveshaft may result in random jerkiness of the steering wheel. The steering wheel will jerk left or right on its own. This is an immediate red flag. Take the car to a mechanic (avoid driving it there) and get it fixed immediately.
 
5. ENGINE

Although this one may not make sense at first, stopping to think about it gives great insight. Engine problems manifested through shaking can be felt throughout the entire car, but it’s usually the steering wheel which will give you a heads-up before that happens. Problems with air induction, fuel delivery or spark-related issues can disrupt the car from running smoothly, resulting in a distinct vibration from the engine compartment. This symptom is not that common, but it can happen, so be wary.

Tuesday, 22 August 2017

6 Reasons Why your Car Won't Accelerate

The symptoms of a car not accelerating can be occur on many high mileage vehicles. A driver might not notice them in the usual driving but they become abundantly clear during the circumstances like driving up a hill or during the quick acceleration in a fast moving traffic. It is in those situations that the drivers will come to notice the obvious slow acceleration and the fact that the engine of their vehicle is struggling to keep up.

Some common causes of car won’t properly accelerate

This problem is common in vehicles with high mileage but there is no any serious or immediate concerns regarding the engine because there are some of the causes which should be checked first in order to locate this problem and possibly fix it as well. And below are some common causes:

1. Air flow meter clogged or malfunction

Air flow meter located and attached on the inlet air cleaner. And the function of air flow meter is to measure air mass that flowing into inlet air cleaner then sending the data to engine ECU to calculate the air fuel mixture. And some of the symptoms of Airflow meter malfunction is car wont accelerate.

2. Oxygen Sensor Malfunction

An Oxygen Sensor, is device whose function is to monitor the exhaust emissions of the vehicle so that it can analyze the air-fuel ratio going through the engine of that vehicle. To make the long story short, a car needs a proper amount of fuel in order for the fuel to burn properly in the combustion cylinders so that it may run smoothly and may accelerate as required. This sensor sends the information about the amount of fuel being used to the computer unit of the engine and if this sensor get damaged, then the engine of that vehicle will have no idea what ratio of air-fuel mixture to intake which may result in a fuel rich mixture. This can cause the slow acceleration of the vehicle even with the fuel pedal completely pressed making it unreliable when it’s needed.

3. Malfunction of TPS

Basic principle of throttle position sensor is to detect the throttle valve opening angle which controlled by accelerator pedal. Then the tps will send this data to the ECU. If the tps malfunction, the engine speed cannot control by accelerator pedal, engine speed will increase or decrease without any press or depress the pedal.

4. Dirty or Clogged Fuel Filters

A dirty or clogged fuel filter is another reason for the appearance of the symptoms of car not accelerating when required to do so. With a dirty fuel filter, the engine won’t be getting enough fuel which means that the vehicle won’t be going anywhere nor will it be giving the acceleration performance that it should. Replace it as soon as possible.

5. Clogged or Dirty Air Filters

Just like the fuel filter provides the engine with the clean fuel, the air filters provide the engine of a vehicle with clean to be used in the air-fuel mixture which will be sent to the combustion chambers to burn. If an air filter is clogged, then the engine won’t get the right air-fuel mixture resulting in decrepit and slow acceleration. Replace it as soon as possible.


6. The Timing Belt

This component is as it sounds. The timing belt is something like a VIP in the list key of components of an engine. If this belt is off even by 1 tooth, it may cause some pretty notable acceleration problems.

However the list of culprits does not end here. The culprits behind the slow acceleration may be a slipping clutch, the transmission system itself or an unexpected or unrelated problem which may surprise even the veterans in the mechanics.

Take the vehicle to a reliable mechanic and let him give it a full checkup. This will let that mechanic catch onto that problem and will let him deal with it.